History of Italian Cooking

When many people think of Italian culture, they think of cuisine. Some of the most popular dishes are pizza and pasta. However, the world of Italian cooking is more than that, and the history of Italian cooking is very diverse. Different regions of Italy have developed their own styles of cooking centered around local ingredient, and other influences throughout history have influenced Italian food.

Culinary History

The history of Italian cooking actually goes back over two thousand years. It flourished during the Roman Empire. During that time, food preparation was very important, though much of the earlier art of cooking has since been lost. After the Roman Empire fell, Italian food started to become more diverse. The different city states throughout the area started to develop their own ways of cooking, as well as their own distinct flavors that came from the foods that grew in the area. Meats, cheese, and even the wine became distinct.

Regional Diversity

The diversity of the history of Italian cooking can be traced back to the different areas where it was conceived. The north utilized Tuscan beef, while in Marches the black truffles became popular. Many Italian cheeses, such as provolone and mozzarella, were developed in the south. Citrus fruits were used in the south as well. Breads and pasta differed from region to region as well.

The south used more pasta like the hard-boiled spaghetti, while in the north softer egg noodles were popular. Milan was known for its risotto. Naples, on the other hand, became known for its pizza. The coastal regions became known for their seafood dishes. Anchovies, lobster, sardines, and swordfish became incorporated into much of the history of Italian cooking.

Outside Influences

Another factor of the history of Italian cooking was the influence of other cultures on the cuisine. Ancient Greek cooking was integrated as part of the dishes, but the Roman Empire also brought in other flavors, such as wheat wine, and fine spices. Ingredients for Italian cooking came as far as China, contributing to the wide variety of flavors and dishes. The island of Sardinian was influenced by the Mediterranean, while Sicily received many influences from North Africa. The southern parts of the country were also affected by influences from the Arabs, especially when it came to the sweets, such as the popular dessert cassata.

A Continuation

Some of the most popular dishes throughout the history of Italian cooking have seen a rebirth. For instance, some believe that pasta was actually brought to Italy from China during the time of Marco Polo. However, this was actually a rediscovery of a food that had been popular in Roman times. That early pasta is not much different than the ones enjoyed around the world today.

The history of Italian cooking continues to evolve, and today there are still distinct differences between the northern and southern regions of the country. The traditions reflect the deep culture and history that originally inspired them. So every time you cook an authentic Italian dish, you are cooking a piece of history.

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Hire Auto Transport Services for Easy Move of Your Sedan

When you want to move your car or cars to lengthy distances, from corner to corner, across countries, overseas or air, appointing Auto Transport Services is the best solution. You may have different variety of cars ranging from small trailers care to classic vintage cars or most modern luxurious car to move, driving it individually all by yourself to a novel location does not sound like a good idea. This can be dangerous surrounding being uncomfortable and uneconomical.

Thus, it's always wise to hire professional Auto Transport Services. These companies are there for you, to assist you in moving your all sorts of cars safely to long distances. The two standard types of transport presented are open and closed methods of transport. Usually, the vehicles can be transported either by rail or by car carrier trucks.

One need to be extra careful while selecting land transportation of a cars, vehicle or autos. The sedans are much vulnerable to easily getting damage. An open container hauler can merely leave your sedan at the sympathy of road wreckage and squally weather. And in a case of a vintage car, the harm could be almost irreparable. Even the sheer act of loading and unloading the motor vehicle into a closed container can result in spoiling it. Still open container is an economic and inexpensive option for short distance relocation.

But, you must always remember to compare the different Auto Transport quotes prior to choosing the most appropriate Auto Transport Services for your destination move. These companies do not always offer exorbitant services, but rather provide valuable assistance at smart prices. The prices are usually based on the mass and the size of the automobile to be moved. Also, it may depend on the spot of origin and destination. So, they may actually save you a couple of bucks, over driving the coupe all by yourself.

So, you need first seek out such companies and then, compare the Auto Transport quotes of them and choose the most appropriate company, which provides maximum services though at reasonable rates. Evaluating always helps in smooth, easy, and stress-free move of your sedan to a novel location.

Debilitation of Lord of Ascendant

The Ascendant is the first house of the horoscope and the rest of the houses are reckoned from it. It indicates the general appearance, character and temperament of the native. The lord/house of ascendant indicates the native’s vitality, vigour and disposition, his natural tendencies and personality are judged from this house.

The planets are in the state of weakness if occupying a particular sign and fails to protect/promote the specific characterises governed by them, are said to be in the state of debilitation.

Lord of ascendant plays a very important role in assessing one’s physical, mental and emotional capabilities, hence in debilitated state; they are not capable of producing results expected by them.

The results of debilitation of lord of ascendant for different ascendant signs are shown below:

Aries:

  • Mars being lord of ascendant and 8th house, posited in 4th house, in the sign of debilitation.
  • Indicates rash and aggressive, attitude. The native will lose temper quickly, indicates lack of strength and courage.
  • Due to their impulsive nature they start any work in flash and end in a crash.
  • The native will prone to frequent injuries and accidents particularly to head. Surgery is advisable in many cases. Fear of drowning, and danger of biting from poisonous creatures.
  • The native is liable to suffer from headaches, chest pain, high blood pressure, burns, inflammatory diseases, affliction of the brain, migraine, small pox, malaria, thrombosis etc.
  • Differences with mother are indicated, loss of immovable properties, selling of conveyance and suffering for the usual transport, termination or suspension of job, loss of litigation and loss of mass-support.
  • This position of Mars is favourable for profession/carrier as it aspects the 10th house, its house of exaltation.

Taurus:

  • The Venus being lord of ascendant and 6th house, placed in 5th house in the state of debilitation.
  • The native will earn money by unscrupulous means, have extra marital affairs, may face imprisonment for his sexual advantages, loss in speculation, and separation from children, and have company of malefic persons.
  • Frequent suffering from tonsils, diphtheria, and pyorrhoea, pimples on face, and eye trouble, and constipation is indicated. The recovery from any ailments is usually very slow.
  • This position of Venus is favourable for income, as it aspects the 11th house, the house of its exaltation.

Gemini:

  • Mercury being lord of ascendant and 4th placed in 10th house in its debilitated sign.
  • The native will be a conceited, cleaver, cunning, showy person, lair and misbehaviour.
  • The native will utter falsehood or cheat others for his benefits and with constant mood- swings they will make mistakes due to their haste actions and fickle mind.
  • The native will face many obstacles in his professional life and lacks the art of mastering any subject. They may face hurdles from government.
  • Open difference from father is indicated, the native may face scandal and ill-reputation in his professional life due to his malefic speech. He is responsible for his own downfall.
  • The native may suffer from lungs infection, eosinophilia, T.B., pulmonary diseases, cold, and may have defective nervous system.
  • This placement of Mercury is beneficial for acquiring immovable assets, because Mercury aspects the 4th house the sign of its exaltation.

Cancer:

  • Moon as debilitated lord of ascendant, is being placed in 5th house.
  • Lack of patience and endurance, over sensitivity and indolence is indicated. The native may have fickle mind and selfish attitude.
  • Differences with children are indicated. The children may be ungrateful, disobedient, unfaithful and undutiful.
  • The native may have weak pulmonary and digestive system, heart problems, alcohol- addiction, afflictions of lungs, chronic cold, asthma, T.B., gall stone, nervous debility, worms, fear complex, compulsive disorders, dropsy, flatulence.
  • Sometimes lunacy and loss of memory is also associated with this state of Moon.
  • It is favourable for income as Moon aspects the 11th house, it’s sign of exaltation.

Leo:

  • Sun as the lord of ascendant, placed in 3rd house, in the state of debilitation.
  • The native may have complex nature, arrogant, bluff and have lack of courage. He will be over ambitious, self opinionated, jealous and insulting.
  • Lack of younger siblings or difference with them is indicated.
  • The native may suffer constantly from problems of eyes, spine, heart and bones. Palpitation, inflammation, sunstroke, giddiness, epilepsy, loss of speech due to cerebral infection, bile-complaints and diseases of head are some disorders resulted by this specific placement of sun.
  • This is a favourable placement of Sun for the fortune of the native, as Sun aspects 9th house, its sign of exaltation.

Virgo:

  • Mercury as the lord of ascendant and 10th, placed in 7th house in the debilitated sign.
  • Loss in profession, business or trade, constant betrayal of life and business partners, divorce, fake contracts and agreements, litigations, pending dues etc.
  • The native may face disgrace, discredit and scandal in professional life.
  • This position of Mercury is inimical to longevity of father.
  • It brings ill-health for children or the debts incurred by them.
  • The native may suffer from digestive and intestinal problems, weak nervous system and stomach, disturbed mental status.
  • The debilitated Mercury in 7th house aspects the ascendant, which is the exaltation sign of the Mercury, indicates impressive body built.

Libra:

  • Venus as the lord of ascendant and 8th house, placed in 12th house in the sign of debilitation.
  • They spend lavishly on luxuries and on sexual gratification, so money may pass through their hands very easily.
  • The native may have addictive habits.
  • The native may prone to infectious diseases, problems in kidney, joints and spine is indicated, uterus and appendix are affected.
  • It indicates death in hospital, or hospitalization due to fatal disease.
  • The native may indulge in framing secret plots, schemes, and conspiracies.
  • It signifies sickness of life partner. Danger, difficulties and disappointment to children is indicated.
  • The native may face imprisonment, exile and extradition in his lifetime.
  • As the Venus aspects the 6th house, its sign of exaltation indicating fondness for nice food, gain from servants and maternal uncles.

Scorpio:

  • Mars as the lord of ascendant and 4th house, placed in 9th house in its debilitated sign.
  • The native may face many obstacles and hindrance in the path of fortune and prosperity.
  • They are careless about their religion and philosophical beliefs
  • The native may have constant injuries due to fall, weak heart, acute fevers, and high blood pressure, muscular rheumatism etc.
  • Severe sickness to father is indicated and enmity from mother is possible.
  • Mars in this position aspecting the 3rd house, the house of its exaltation, indicates corporation from siblings and courageous attitude.

Sagittarius:

  • Jupiter as the lord of ascendant and 4th, being posited in 2nd house in the sign of its debilitation.
  • The native may have defective eye-sight, sciatica, rheumatic pain, fractures, gout, and lung troubles.
  • They have to face non-corporation and disgrace from their family and relatives.
  • Besides addiction tendencies, he may have very pungent and rash speech.
  • This position of Jupiter is favourable for longevity of the native

Capricorn:

  • Saturn as the lord of ascendant and 2nd house, placed in 4th house, the house of its debilitation.
  • It shows the rude nature of the native.
  • Separation or disagreement with mother is indicated.
  • Non-corporation from mass.
  • Loss of inheritance and immovable properties is indicated.
  • Danger /death/prolong sickness to father.
  • The native may have constant cold, pain in joints and chest, bone T.B., mottled enamel and fluorine intoxication, skin diseases.
  • As Saturn aspecting the 10th house, its sign of exaltation, gives stability to one’s career and profession.

Aquarius:

  • Saturn as the lord of ascendant and 12th house placed in 3rd house, the house of its fall.
  • The native do not get love and affection of siblings, due to their pungent nature.
  • It indicates obstacles in education.
  • Injury and fractures of limbs and hands is indicated, tooth trouble, infectious diseases, varicose vein, spinal problems and E.N.T. diseases.
  • As the Saturn aspects the 9th house, the sign of its exaltation is favourable for father.

Pisces:

  • Jupiter being the lord of ascendant and 10th house, placed in 11th house, in its sign of debilitation.
  • The native may have egoistic attitude, besides addictive tendencies and sour speech.
  • The native lacks the happiness and corporation from wife and children.
  • They may lack elder siblings.
  • The native may suffer from jaundice, affliction to ankle and feet, hole in heart and liver problems etc.
  • As the Jupiter is aspecting the 5th house, the house of its exaltation indicates good education and love from younger siblings.

IELTS Exam Preparation Tips: Academic Writing Paper Part 2

The IELTS exam is the most widely used English test in the world. It is used as an admission test for schools, colleges and universities as well as a screening test for job applications and immigration. It comprises of Four papers: Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing. This article will focus on Part 2 of the Academic Writing Paper.

The ability to write effectively in English is essential for success in your studies and the academic writing paper includes activities similar to those you will use in your studies at boarding school or university: Analyzing & Reporting data and Essay Writing. The IELTS Writing Paper lasts one hour and is split into two parts: Part 1 – Describing Graphical Data and Part 2 – Argumentative Essay Writing.

Writing Paper Part II Tips

  • Read the question carefully before you start. There are frequently two parts: a general, background statement and a more specific topic question based around that. Ensure that you answer the question and don’t just write about the background issue.
  • Manage your time: You should spend 40 minutes on this task and only 20 minutes for Paper I.
  • Spend 3 or 4 minutes to plan your answer before you start to write.
  • Do not copy the question word for word. If you do so then the words will not count and you may be penalized (see next point).
  • Write at least 250 words. You will be penalized for essays that are less than this so check the word count carefully. Do not write more than 280, however, or again you will be penalized.
  • Use a range of vocabulary and do not repeat words. Use synonyms instead
  • Choose formal words rather than simple ones: For instance use purchase instead of buy.
  • Organize your work properly with correct paragraphs: An introduction (40-50 words) followed by two or three body paragraphs (160-170 words) and a clear conclusion (about 40 words).
  • Use a range of grammatical and sentence structures and include a couple of complex sentence structures to show the examiner your understanding of English.
  • Write cohesively: Link sentences and paragraphs so that the meaning follows on. However, do not use too many conjunctions so that your writing becomes repetitive.
  • Proofread your writing at the end, You should allow 5 minutes for this.

The best way to prepare for your IELTS Exam Writing Paper is by taking an IELTS preparation course with an expert IELTS tutor. In this way you can get guidance and help in order for you to improve your writing skills quickly and get the test score that you need.